As the population of patients living with heart failure increases, the number of patients who will die with and from heart failure increases as well. End-of-life care in patients with heart failure is an additive process, whereby therapies to treat symptoms not alleviated by guideline-based medical therapy are integrated into the care of these individuals. This review focuses on providing clinicians with a basic framework for administration of end-of-life care in patients with heart failure, specifically focusing on decision-making, symptom management and functional management.
Lisa LeMond - Organization: Knight Cardiovascular Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, US
Sarah J Goodlin - Organization: Oregon Health and Sciences University and the Portland VAMC, Portland, Oregon, US