Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a suitable alternative to surgical valve replacement for patients with severe, symptomatic, calcified aortic stenosis and a background of co-morbidities, which can make surgery a high-risk option. It has also evolved as an alternative for degenerative prosthetic heart valve disease. Since the inception of TAVI in 2002, the two main devices in routine clinical use are the Edwards Sapien valve (since 2006) and the Medtronic CoreValve (since 2007). The more recent Sapien XT valve and Sapien 3 have been in clinical use since 2010 and 2013, respectively. In addition to registry data on these devices, there are a number of completed and ongoing randomised controlled trials, including one comparing the two devices. The aim of this article is to discuss the differences in indications and outcomes between these two prostheses.
Alia Noorani - Consultant Edwards Lifesciences, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Papworth Hospital, Cambridge
Vinayak Bapat - Consultant Cardiac Surgeon, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, St Thomas’ Hospital, Guy’s & St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK